The blank page is said to be every writer’s worst nightmare. But I found that the root of all evil is indeed the blank mind.

No ideas. This is what we dread.
But fear no more. It’s simple to counteract this.

The magic formula is: Research.

Research will deepen your story world, your theme, give you inspiration and fresh ideas. A well-researched book brims with depth, colours and fascinates the reader.

Research has never been that simple yet so overwhelming. With the power of the internet, we have access to literally everything. This can be empowering, yet also a scary prospect if we don’t know where to start, which book or article to read first or which video to watch.

In this three-part article series, I want to empower you with research strategies for fiction (and to a certain extent for non-fiction as well) that will help you make the best use of the media and resources given to us. I will help you find the information and inspiration you are looking for and implement it into your book.

Let’s start with the first part of research:


Internet & Reading

Step #1 Brainstorm

In the first stage, anything is possible. Don’t censor yourself and write down everything you know about your story.

Roz Morris introduces in her book “Nail Your Novel: Why Writers Abandon Books and How You Can Draft, Fix and Finish With Confidence” a great concept she calls “the hat game”. She makes each note on a separate piece of paper and throws it in a box. Any piece of research that comes across with story potential makes it into the box.

What I like to do is have a more structured approach to the hat game. I create a “research” folder in Scrivener and structure it with subfolders that are categories for research.
Find categories that make sense for your book, and don’t be afraid to adjust them once you’re in the process. Here are my suggestions:

Worldbuilding (f.e. visuals of Buildings or Interiors/Places, Rules, historical research a.s.o.)
Ideas (literally everything you come up with, then see Step #3)

If you have an idea that is rough and raises more questions than answers, write those questions down:
How will this work? How will you solve this?
Those are things you will need to find out in the process of further research. But this is how you’ll know what to look for next.

Again, those categories are just suggestions. Use them as a basis, and play around with them until you find the best way to structure your own book research.

Write everything down that you know already: about your world, about your characters, any other ideas you might have. Don’t censor yourself at this stage. Write down questions about things you don’t know. Then proceed to the next step.


Step #2 Places and characters

Visuals are the secret weapon I go to every time I lack ideas or details. This is why I integrated the visual research of places and characters into my process.

A visual imagery of your world and everything that populates it can do wonders for your fiction.
Say you have an underground city: How does it look like, how does it work? You might have a rough idea, but don’t get too hung up on it just yet. Simply type “underground city” in google and take it from there. Look at the suggested pictures. You’ll see how many more possibilities or ideas will open up in front of you. Don’t copy, but let the inspiration drive you to further exploration and thus to individuality and uniqueness.

Create a visual overview.
You can print all the pictures and place them on a board. You can create a Pinterest board where you collect the pictures digitally. This is great for an overall look at your world.
Or put them into your Scrivener research folders along with notes, sorting them into your pre-made categories, which will allow you to explore the world in further detail.

The same thing can go for characters, although I don’t like to assign them to well-known and famous actors, and rather make them unique and specific. Still, visual inspiration won’t do any harm. My recommendation is to look at those people who inspire your character’s appearance and describe them on a separate character sheet, adding quirks and special details. Those character sheets will come in handy once you start diving into the first draft, as it’s very easy to forget how on earth you described you minor characters in the first Act when they suddenly reappear in the second.

Let the inspiration drive you to further exploration and thus to individuality and uniqueness. Click To Tweet

In your first draft stage, pictures will do wonders. You will always return to your research folder once you begin creating your world from scratch, reminding yourself of your vision and making sure you stay consistent and detailed with your world.

James Patterson recommends writing with the movie projector in your head, but this inner movie projector will only come to life if you feed it with visuals.

14 lessons from James Patterson’s masterclass

Step #3 Study

This is my number one step when it comes to deepening your theme and your characters – the study of ideas in science, history or any other field related to your book.

While I still plotted my first novel, I heard Joanna Penn rave about a book she read that explored in depth the idea of the ecstatic state – Stealing Fire: How Silicon Valley, the Navy SEALs, and Maverick Scientists Are Revolutionizing the Way We Live and Work. The concept fascinated me. I read the book and it inspired me to emphasize this idea in my novel. This changed my story and especially my theme into something that suddenly possessed depth and a much stronger connection to reality.

Christopher Nolan is one of my favourite filmmakers. He takes this principle to a whole new level. Look at movies like Inception or Interstellar, where he combines science, interesting principles and ideas with his story world and thus creates storylines and themes that posses unknown depth and reach into the heart of the viewer (not to mention his extravagant talent for visual imagery). In Interstellar, for example, Nolan explores the theory of relativity, making “time” one of the thematic ideas in this movie, but also goes into depth with ideas of space travel, black holes and gravity.

You can use this principle with any genre. Look at Dan Brown using historical and modern ideas of art, religion and science. Consider the countless historical novels. You don’t have to revolve your story around those principles, but well-researched ideas will seize people’s interests beyond a gripping story and make it more believable.


Step #4 Inspiration

This step is the most important one, being more of a lifestyle than a step in a process.

Make a habit to look for inspiration wherever you go. Travel, museums, books, podcasts, and films and TV. Films are a great tool for inspiration in storytelling, setting the mood and creating characters if you learn how to watch them the right way and put on the creator lens.

How Watching TV And Movies The Right Way Can Revolutionize Your Writing

Everything can inspire you if you are on a constant lookout! Become a sponge, absorbing everything around you. The research stage is where this habit will highly pay off, and you will overflow with ideas.

Here’s a little tool for random inspiration: The CURIOSITY App & Website. It’s a great app that will feed you with innovations, principles, all kinds of videos and everything you’ve always wanted or maybe even didn’t want to know. A regular look inside will refresh your inspiration and provide you with ideas.

Everything can inspire you if you are on a constant lookout! Click To Tweet

Effective research is a skill learned by the power of practice. Sometimes it can be daunting and time-consuming to dig through the endless forest of Google and the books offered online. It’s important to filter here, and not to be afraid to skip paragraphs or read summaries to get the research done eventually.

In Part One of the three-part “Empowered Research” Series, I’ve shown you how to have an organized yet creative approach to internet and book study. Be aware that this process needs to be balanced – extensive so that your research deepens your book, but not never-ending so that you won’t start writing for at least another year. Always have your story in the back of your mind while you dive into research, and always see that your research serves it, not vice versa.

If you want to learn how to get the most out of watching film and TV as a writer, download the “Inner Movie Projector” exercise book that will train you to revolutionize the way you view films.

What is your research process? Let me know in the comments below, and let’s exchange experiences to perfect our storytelling skills.




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